Journal Basic Info

  • Impact Factor: 2.709**
  • H-Index: 11 
  • ISSN: 2474-1663
  • DOI: 10.25107/2474-1663
**Impact Factor calculated based on Google Scholar Citations. Please contact us for any more details.

Major Scope

  •  Pancreatic Cancer
  •  Immunology
  •  Thoracic Oncology
  •  Lymphoma
  •  Colorectal Cancer
  •  Gynecological Cancers
  •  Central Nervous System Tumors
  •  Surgical Oncology

Abstract

Citation: Clin Oncol. 2019;4(1):1609.DOI: 10.25107/2474-1663.1609

Molecular Imaging of RAGE Expression in Human Glioblastoma

Yared Tekabe, Jordan Johnson, Qing Li, Rashmi Ray, Vivek Rai, Jerry Kokoshka and Lynne L Johnson

Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, USA
Department of Biotechnology, Institute of Life Sciences, India
Department of Technology Ventures, Columbia University, USA

*Correspondance to: Lynne L Johnson 

 PDF  Full Text Research Article | Open Access

Abstract:

Introduction: The binding of Receptor for Advanced Glycation Endproducts (RAGE) and its ligands stimulate inflammation and angiogenesis and thereby contribute to tumor growth and metastasis. We developed an anti-RAGE antibody with good target binding and blocking properties. We tested the hypothesis that uptake of the radiolabeled antibody localizes and quantifies tumor RAGE expression in mice with implanted glioblastoma cell lines.Methods: Inhibition of p-Akt and p-stat-3 was measured in U-87MG human glioblastoma cells by Western blot. For imaging, male athymic nude (J:NU) (n=13) mice, 5-6 weeks of age were injected subcutaneously in the right shoulder with U-87MG glioma cells (1 × 106). Four weeks later, mice were injected with 4.81 MBq 111In-anti-RAGE F(ab’)2 (n=7) or nonspecific IgG F(ab’)2 (n=6). Mice were imaged on a small animal Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomographic (SPECT)/Computed Tomographic (CT) camera 48 h after injection (time based on blood pool clearance). After in-vivo imaging, the tumors were explanted, radioactivity counted, and sectioned for histological and immuno histochemical examination. Tumor activity from the scans was quantified using In Vivo Scope software.Results: Anti-RAGE antibody showed blocking by Western blot analysis. All tumor-bearing mice injected with 111In-anti-RAGE F(ab’)2 fragments showed focal areas of tracer uptake in the tumor. Quantitative tracer uptake in the tumor from scans showed significantly greater uptake of 111In-anti-RAGE F(ab’)2 (1.44 ± 0.49) compared with 111In-specific IgG F(ab’)2 (0.56 ± 0.25; P=0.006). Ex-vivo gamma counting showed greater tumor uptake of 111In-anti-RAGE F(ab’)2 (3.92 ± 1% ID/g) compared with 111In-nonspecific F(ab’)2 (1.21 ± 0.29; P<0.001). Dual immunofluorescence staining showed RAGE co-localization with GFAP-positive cells and macrophages and CD31-positive cells.Conclusion: We showed anti-RAGE antibody with radiolabel can measure the extent of RAGE expression in glioblastoma and showed its property to block tumor.

Keywords:

Glioblastoma; RAGE; SPECT/CT imaging

Cite the Article:

Tekabe Y, Johnson J, Li Q, Ray R, Rai V, Kokoshka J, et al. Molecular Imaging of RAGE Expression in Human Glioblastoma. Clin Oncol. 2019; 4: 1609.

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