Clin Oncol | Volume 6, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Dietary Habit and Lifestyle Practice of Patient with Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Case-Control Study on Bangladeshi Population

Shoeb Bin Islam1*, Marina Yeasmin2 and Nazrul Islam3

1Dhaka Hospital, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh
2Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh
3Department of Maternal and Child Health and Course Director NIPSOM, Bangladesh

*Correspondance to: Shoeb Bin Islam 

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Abstract

Irritable bowel syndrome a common bowel problem presenting with frequent abdominal pain that is related with the changes of stool pattern. Of all the contributing factors of IBS, diet and lifestylerelated factors are unique and modifiable but difficult to understand. Several studies had done in western countries to find out the relationships between lifestyle practices and IBS but scarce among Bangladeshi population. This was a cross-sectional study with case-control design. In this study, a predesigned semi-structured questionnaire based on lifestyle habits and diet was used. Here we record the diet and lifestyle habits of 45 IBS subjects and 45 non-IBS subjects. Rome IV criteria was used to diagnose IBS. Cross-tabulation analysis and logistic regression were used to reveal any association among lifestyle habits, eating habits, food consumption frequency, and other associated
conditions. The mean age of IBS patient was 31.6 (SD ± 8.3) years among them 32 (71.1%) were male. Regarding the sub-typing of IBS, 53.3% IBS-D, 33.3% IBS-M and 13.3% were diagnosed as IBS-C. The BMI of IBS group is 14.5 (SD ± 2.3). The results from logistic regression analysis indicated that IBS was associated with poor quality of sleep (Odds Ratio [OR], 4.5), physical inactivity (OR, 1.9), and diet change (OR, 2.3). Milk, vegetables, bakery items and artificial sweetener significantly associated with the IBS symptoms (p<0.05) exacerbation than non-IBS group. On the other hand, rice, chickens and fishes does not produce any significant difference between two groups. This study reveals a possible association between diet and lifestyle habits and IBS. The offending diet and lifestyle practices should be focused on IBS treatment.

Keywords:

Irritable bowel syndrome; Food; Diet habits; Life style; Odds ratio

Citation:

Islam SB, Yeasmin M, Islam N. Dietary Habit and Lifestyle Practice of Patient with Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Case-Control Study on Bangladeshi Population. Clin Oncol. 2021;6:1877..

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