Clin Oncol | Volume 6, Issue 1 | Review Article | Open Access

Epidemiology of Liver Diseases Across the Levant and Egypt: A Review

Rola F Jaafar1*, Jad Allam2, Adel Hajj Ali2, Joyce Habib2 and Walid G Faraj1*

1Department of Surgery, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Lebanon
2Department of Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Lebanon

*Correspondance to: Rola F Jaafar 

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Liver diseases constitute a major burden on the society worldwide in terms of morbidity and mortality. Common causes of liver disease include infectious causes (hepatitis A-E viruses) and non-infectious causes (most importantly is Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease). The recent studies have shown an increased prevalence and incidence of liver diseases in general and a change in trends in the leading etiologies across the years with a decrease in the reported viral hepatitis prevalence and an increase in the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The Middle East shares similar trends with the world; however we show in our review the paucity of literature in this area and aim to highlight this deficiency in order to raise awareness and decrease the risk factors.


Liver disease; Middle East; Levant; Hepatitis; Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Epidemiology


Jaafar RF, Allam J, Ali AH, Habib J, Faraj WG. Epidemiology of Liver Diseases Across the Levant and Egypt: A Review. Clin Oncol. 2021;6:1822..

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